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23-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
It’s easier now to treat opioid addiction with medication -- but use has changed little
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

In the first year after the sudden removal of a requirement that prescribers get special permission to prescribe medication for opioid addiction, a study finds more prescribers started providing it, but the number of patients receiving it didn't rise very much.

Newswise: Modeling broader effects of wildfires in Siberia
18-Apr-2024 9:00 PM EDT
Modeling broader effects of wildfires in Siberia
Hokkaido University

As wildfires in Siberia become more common, global climate modeling estimates significant impacts on climate, air quality, health, and economies in East Asia and across the northern hemisphere.

Released: 23-Apr-2024 4:05 PM EDT
New study points to racial and social barriers that block treatment for multiple myeloma
UC Davis Health

Socioeconomic factors are preventing some patients from accessing common treatment to stop progression of multiple myeloma.

Released: 23-Apr-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Q&A: UW research shows neural connection between learning a second language and learning to code
University of Washington

New research from the University of Washington shows the brain’s response to viewing errors in both the syntax (form) and semantics (meaning) of code appeared identical to those that occur when fluent readers process sentences on a word-by-word basis, supporting a resemblance between how people learn computer and natural languages.

Newswise: New cybersecurity center to protect grids integrated with renewables, microgrids
Released: 23-Apr-2024 10:05 AM EDT
New cybersecurity center to protect grids integrated with renewables, microgrids
Iowa State University

The U.S. Department of Energy is awarding researchers a $2.5 million grant to establish a cybersecurity center based at Iowa State University. The center will develop technology to protect power grids from cyberattacks and strengthen the grid industry's security workforce.

Released: 22-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
New study confirms community pharmacies can help people quit smoking
UC Davis Health

New study by UC Davis researchers shows how pharmacies may provide crucial access to tobacco cessation tools that help people successfully quit smoking.

Newswise: Surf Clams Off the Coast of Virginia Reappear – and Rebound
Released: 19-Apr-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Surf Clams Off the Coast of Virginia Reappear – and Rebound
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

The Atlantic surfclam, an economically valuable species that is the main ingredient in clam chowder and fried clam strips, has returned to Virginia waters in a big way, reversing a die-off that started more than two decades ago.

Newswise: Wayne State researcher aims to improve coding peer review practices
Released: 19-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Wayne State researcher aims to improve coding peer review practices
Wayne State University Division of Research

Amiangshu Bosu, Ph.D., assistant professor of computer science in the College of Engineering at Wayne State University, received a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to formulate better practices involving peer code review.

Newswise: Metabolic health before vaccination determines effectiveness of anti-flu response
Released: 18-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Metabolic health before vaccination determines effectiveness of anti-flu response
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Poor metabolic health or dysfunction, not obesity, leads to poor anti-influenza immune responses. Learn about the new St. Jude influenza vaccination research.

16-Apr-2024 3:00 PM EDT
New urine-based test detects high-grade prostate cancer, helping men avoid unnecessary biopsies
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Researchers at the University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center have developed a new urine-based test that addresses a major problem in prostate cancer: how to separate the slow-growing form of the disease unlikely to cause harm from more aggressive cancer that needs immediate treatment.

Newswise: Alzheimer’s disease progresses faster in people with Down syndrome
Released: 16-Apr-2024 5:05 PM EDT
Alzheimer’s disease progresses faster in people with Down syndrome
Washington University in St. Louis

Nearly everyone with Down syndrome will eventually develop Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered that Alzheimer’s disease starts earlier and moves faster in people with Down syndrome.

Newswise: Study Suggests Adolescent Stress May Raise Risk of Postpartum Depression in Adults
Released: 16-Apr-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Study Suggests Adolescent Stress May Raise Risk of Postpartum Depression in Adults
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a new study, a Johns Hopkins Medicine-led research team reports that social stress during adolescence in female mice later results in prolonged elevation of the hormone cortisol after they give birth.

Newswise: Creating an island paradise in a fusion reactor
Released: 16-Apr-2024 8:00 AM EDT
Creating an island paradise in a fusion reactor
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

In their ongoing quest to develop a range of methods for managing plasma so it can be used to generate electricity in a process known as fusion, researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have shown how two old methods can be combined to provide greater flexibility.

Newswise: NIH awards $3.4M to Wayne State University to investigate biomarkers for better reproductive success
Released: 15-Apr-2024 4:05 PM EDT
NIH awards $3.4M to Wayne State University to investigate biomarkers for better reproductive success
Wayne State University Division of Research

A new $3.4 million award to the Wayne State University School of Medicine from the National Institutes of Health aims to overcome the limitations of conventional semen analyses by examining mitochondrial DNA levels in sperm as a novel biomarker of sperm fitness.

Newswise: Epilepsy drug prevents brain tumors in mice with NF1
Released: 15-Apr-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Epilepsy drug prevents brain tumors in mice with NF1
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have discovered that an FDA-approved epilepsy drug can prevent or slow the growth of NF1-linked optic gliomas in mice, laying the groundwork for a clinical trial.

Newswise: Unlocking the ‘chain of worms’
Released: 15-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the ‘chain of worms’
Washington University in St. Louis

Biologist B. Duygu Özpolat at Washington University in St. Louis and colleagues published a single-cell atlas for a highly regenerative annelid worm. This research may help inform stem cell technologies and regenerative medicine down the line.

Newswise: Smart nanoprobe illuminates prostate cancer cells
Released: 11-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Smart nanoprobe illuminates prostate cancer cells
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

NIBIB-supported researchers have developed a smart nanoprobe designed to infiltrate prostate tumors and send back a signal using an optical imaging technique known as Raman spectroscopy.

   
Released: 11-Apr-2024 9:00 AM EDT
In the drive to deprescribe, heartburn drug study teaches key lessons
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

An effort to reduce use of PPI heartburn drugs in veterans because of overuse, cost and potential risks succeeded, but provides lessons about deprescribing efforts and suggests the drugs' purported harms may be overblown.

Newswise: Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
8-Apr-2024 10:00 AM EDT
Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
Hokkaido University

Meandering ocean currents play an important role in the melting of Antarctic ice shelves, threatening a significant rise in sea levels.

Newswise: New drug prevents flu-related inflammation and lung damage
Released: 10-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
New drug prevents flu-related inflammation and lung damage
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Findings show a newly created drug can prevent runaway inflammation while still allowing the immune system to handle the virus, even when given late into infection.

Newswise: Engineers making a better, more profitable grid for distributing solar power
Released: 10-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Engineers making a better, more profitable grid for distributing solar power
Iowa State University

Solar and wind power plants are unpredictable sources of electricity. That makes integrating them to the power grid a challenge for grid operators. With the help of a U.S. Department of Energy grant, Iowa State engineers are working to create a modern grid that's smart and flexible enough to efficiently distribute renewables.

8-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
‘Deaths of despair’ among Black Americans surpassed those of white Americans in 2022
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A new analysis by researchers at UCLA Health found that mortality rates of middle-aged Black Americans caused by the “deaths of despair” -- suicide, drug overdose and alcoholic liver disease – surpassed the rate of white Americans in 2022.

Newswise: Study Suggests Racial Discrimination During Midlife Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology Later in Life
8-Apr-2024 7:00 AM EDT
Study Suggests Racial Discrimination During Midlife Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology Later in Life
Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Racial discrimination experienced during midlife is associated with Alzheimer’s disease pathology, according to a new study from researchers at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and the University of Georgia. The findings appear online today in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer’s Association.

Newswise: Beating Back Bitter Taste in Medicine: Monell Center Scientists Discover that Diabetes Drug is Partially Effective as a Bitter Blocker
Released: 9-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Beating Back Bitter Taste in Medicine: Monell Center Scientists Discover that Diabetes Drug is Partially Effective as a Bitter Blocker
Monell Chemical Senses Center

The bitter taste of certain drugs is a barrier to taking some medications as prescribed, especially for people who are particularly sensitive to bitter taste. A Monell team found that the diabetes drug rosiglitazone could partially block the bitter taste of some especially bad-tasting medications.

Newswise: Nurses Cite Employer Failures as their Top Reason for Leaving
8-Apr-2024 12:00 PM EDT
Nurses Cite Employer Failures as their Top Reason for Leaving
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

A new study from the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing’s Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research (CHOPR) – published in JAMA Network Open today – showed that, aside from retirements, poor working conditions are the leading reasons nurses leave healthcare employment.

Released: 8-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Everyday social interactions predict language development in infants
University of Washington

In a study published April 8 in Current Biology, University of Washington researchers found that when the adult talked and played socially with a 5-month-old baby, the baby’s brain activity particularly increased in regions responsible for attention — and the level of this type of activity predicted enhanced language development at later ages.

Newswise: Medicare pays for message-based e-visits. 
Are older adults using them?
Released: 8-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Medicare pays for message-based e-visits. Are older adults using them?
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

E-visits have become a regular part of everyday health care for some of the 30 million older Americans who have traditional Medicare. About 1% of them have used asynchronous patient portal messaging in a way that prompted their doctor or other health care provider to bill Medicare for their time.

Newswise: Toothed whale echolocation organs evolved from jaw muscles
Released: 8-Apr-2024 3:00 AM EDT
Toothed whale echolocation organs evolved from jaw muscles
Hokkaido University

Genetic analysis finds evidence suggesting that acoustic fat bodies in the heads of toothed whales were once the muscles and bone marrow of the jaw.

Newswise: What Four Decades of Canned Salmon Reveal About Marine Food Webs
Released: 4-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
What Four Decades of Canned Salmon Reveal About Marine Food Webs
University of Washington

By analyzing 42 years worth of canned salmon, University of Washington scientists show that levels a common marine parasite rose in two salmon species in the Gulf of Alaska from 1979 to 2021. The rise may be a sign of ecosystem recovery, possibly influenced by the 1972 Marine Mammal Protection Act.

3-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Immunotherapy for Alzheimer’s disease shows promise in mouse study
Washington University in St. Louis

Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that treating mice with an antibody that blocks the interaction between APOE proteins (white) sprinkled within Alzheimer’s disease plaques and the LILRB4 receptor on microglia cells (purple) activates them to clean up damaging plaques (blue) in the brain.

   
27-Mar-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Rapid rise seen in mental health diagnosis and care during and after pregnancy
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Mental health issues during pregnancy or the first year of parenthood have a much greater chance of getting detected and treated now than just over a decade ago, a trio of new studies suggests. But the rise in diagnosis and care hasn’t happened equally across different groups and states.

Newswise: Hunting an Underground Epidemic
Released: 1-Apr-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Hunting an Underground Epidemic
University of Utah Health

Valley fever is a fungal respiratory infection that’s stealthily spreading through the soil and dust throughout the American West. An interdisciplinary research team is trying to map where the disease-causing fungus can survive and where it’ll spread as the climate changes.

   
Released: 29-Mar-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Largest ice shelf in Antarctica lurches forward once or twice each day
Washington University in St. Louis

A conveyer belt of ice jostles the entire Ross Ice Shelf out of place at least once daily, according to new research from Washington University in St. Louis.

Newswise: Lipids with Potential Health Benefits in Herbal Teas
Released: 29-Mar-2024 2:00 AM EDT
Lipids with Potential Health Benefits in Herbal Teas
Hokkaido University

The lipids in some herbal teas have been identified in detail for the first time, preparing the ground for investigating their contribution to the health benefits of the teas.

   
Newswise: Wireless, light-powered pacemaker shines bright in animal study
Released: 28-Mar-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Wireless, light-powered pacemaker shines bright in animal study
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

While pacemakers have been instrumental in treating many patients with heart rhythm disorders, their bulky design and dependence on wires can limit their usefulness and poses a risk of heart damage or infection. Researchers have cut the cords, shrunk the size, and expanded the capabilities of current designs.

Newswise: Adding just enough fuel to the fire
Released: 28-Mar-2024 8:00 AM EDT
Adding just enough fuel to the fire
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

PPPL researchers have determined the maximum density of uncharged particles at the edge of a plasma before certain instabilities become unpredictable. This is the first time such a level has been established for Lithium Tokamak Experiment-Beta. Knowing this level is a big step in their mission to prove lithium is the ideal choice for an inner-wall coating in a tokamak because it guides them toward the best practices for fueling their plasmas.

Newswise:Video Embedded open-waste-burning-linked-to-air-pollution-in-northwestern-greenland
VIDEO
Released: 27-Mar-2024 10:00 PM EDT
Open waste burning linked to air pollution in Northwestern Greenland
Hokkaido University

A case study on the effects of open waste burning on air quality in Northwestern Greenland calls attention to the importance of no-one-left-behind sustainable air quality monitoring in the Arctic region.

Newswise:Video Embedded babies-attend-to-clues-of-meaning-as-they-take-in-complex-visual-world
VIDEO
Released: 27-Mar-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Babies Attend to Clues of Meaning as They Take in Complex Visual World
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

Findings from a National Eye Institute-supported study show for the first time that when babies look at photos of unfamiliar everyday scenes, such as an office or a lab, they tend to fixate on the same regions where adults find meaning. This inclination to home in on what’s interesting or meaningful grows more pronounced as babies age. The findings, published in Infancy, provide a more nuanced understanding of visual development, which may lead to earlier detection of brain-based causes of vision problems, such as cerebral/cortical visual impairment.

Newswise: NEI Study Points to ‘Ground Zero’ for AMD Development
Released: 27-Mar-2024 10:05 AM EDT
NEI Study Points to ‘Ground Zero’ for AMD Development
NIH, National Eye Institute (NEI)

National Eye Institute researchers studying human retinas discovered 87 target genes where a mix of environmental factors likely influence one’s risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision loss in people ages 65 and older.

Released: 26-Mar-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Depression in Black people goes unnoticed by AI models analyzing language in Social Media posts
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Analysis found that models developed to detect depression using language in Facebook posts did not work when applied to Black people's accounts

Newswise: Researchers identify new way to inhibit immune cells that drive allergic asthma
19-Mar-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Researchers identify new way to inhibit immune cells that drive allergic asthma
The Rockefeller University Press

Researchers at the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, have discovered that a protein called Piezo1 prevents a type of immune cell in the lung from becoming hyperactivated by allergens.

20-Mar-2024 6:05 PM EDT
Most new doctors face some form of sexual harassment, even after #MeToo
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

More than half of all new doctors face some form of sexual harassment in their first year on the job, including nearly three-quarters of all new female doctors and a third of males, a new study finds.

Released: 21-Mar-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Penn Scientists Create Novel Technique to Form Human Artificial Chromosomes
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Human artificial chromosomes (HACs) capable of working within human cells could power advanced gene therapies, including those addressing some cancers, along with many laboratory applications, though serious technical obstacles have hindered their development.

Newswise: Immune Cells Identified as Key Players in Brain Health
Released: 21-Mar-2024 9:00 AM EDT
Immune Cells Identified as Key Players in Brain Health
Mount Sinai Health System

Using novel genetic and genomic tools, researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have shed light on the role of immune cells called macrophages in lipid-rich tissues like the brain, advancing our understanding of Alzheimer’s and other diseases.

Newswise: Say Hello to Biodegradable Microplastics
Released: 21-Mar-2024 5:00 AM EDT
Say Hello to Biodegradable Microplastics
University of California San Diego

Finding viable alternatives to traditional petroleum-based plastics and microplastics has never been more important. New research from scientists at UC San Diego and Algenesis shows that their plant-based polymers biodegrade — even at the microplastic level — in under seven months.

Released: 20-Mar-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Drug-pricing program improved prostate cancer treatment adherence
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Prostate cancer patients receiving care at hospitals that are part of a special drug-pricing program were more likely to stick to their prescription drug therapy than patients at other hospitals, according to a study from researchers at the University of Michigan’s Rogel Cancer Center and Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation.

Newswise:Video Embedded a-window-into-placental-development-during-pregnancy
VIDEO
Released: 20-Mar-2024 3:05 PM EDT
A window into placental development during pregnancy
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

A multidisciplinary group of NIH-funded scientists have successfully captured real-time, high-resolution images of the developing mouse placenta during the course of pregnancy.

   
Released: 20-Mar-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Experts warn climate change will fuel spread of infectious diseases
UC Davis Health

Infectious diseases specialists call the medical field to be ready to deal with the impact of climate change on spreading diseases, such as malaria, Valley fever, E-coli and Lyme disease.

20-Mar-2024 7:05 AM EDT
In Sickness and in Health, Older Couples Mostly Make Medicare Moves Together
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Older Americans who enroll in Medicare, or change their coverage, do so as individuals, even if they’re married or live with a partner. But a new study suggests the need for more efforts to help both members of a couple weigh and choose their options together.

Newswise: Change in Mycn-Driven Cell State Opens Therapeutic Window in High-Risk Neuroblastoma
Released: 19-Mar-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Change in Mycn-Driven Cell State Opens Therapeutic Window in High-Risk Neuroblastoma
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Scientists at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital showed that the MYCN protein promotes a switch in the cellular state within the tumor microenvironment, with slow-growing mesenchymal cells swapping to the more dangerous and faster-growing adrenergic state.

   


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