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Curated News: Neurology (journal)

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11-Jan-2019 4:45 PM EST
Moving More in Old Age May Protect Brain from Dementia
RUSH

Older adults who move more than average, either in the form of daily exercise or just routine physical activity such as housework, may maintain more of their memory and thinking skills than people who are less active than average, even if they have brain lesions or biomarkers linked to dementia, according to a study by Rush University Medical Center published in the January 16, 2019, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

21-Dec-2018 12:05 PM EST
Kicking, Yelling During Sleep? Study Finds Risk Factors for Violent Sleep Disorder
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking antidepressants for depression, having post-traumatic stress disorder or anxiety diagnosed by a doctor are risk factors for a disruptive and sometimes violent sleep disorder called rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder, according to a study published in the December 26, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study also found men are more likely to have the disorder.

17-Dec-2018 10:05 AM EST
In Just Six Months, Exercise May Help Those with Thinking Problems
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Getting the heart pumping with aerobic exercise, like walking or cycling for 35 minutes three times a week, may improve thinking skills in older adults with cognitive impairments, according to a study published in the December 19, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. After six months of exercise, study participants’ scores on thinking tests improved by the equivalent of reversing nearly nine years of aging.

   
Released: 10-Dec-2018 3:05 PM EST
New Generation of Therapeutics Based on Understanding of Aging Biology Show Promise for Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation

A scientific strategy that explores therapeutic targets based on the biology of aging is gaining ground as an effective approach to prevent and treat Alzheimer's disease, according to research published in the December 7, 2018 online issue of Neurology®.

27-Nov-2018 12:05 PM EST
Study Finds Biases in Widely Used Dementia Identification Tests
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Quick tests used in primary care settings to identify whether people are likely to have dementia may often be wrong, according to a study published in the November 28, 2018, online issue of Neurology® Clinical Practice, an official journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

19-Nov-2018 5:05 PM EST
Orange Juice, Leafy Greens and Berries May Be Tied to Decreased Memory Loss in Men
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Eating leafy greens, dark orange and red vegetables and berry fruits, and drinking orange juice may be associated with a lower risk of memory loss over time in men, according to a study published in the November 21, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

9-Nov-2018 6:05 PM EST
Migraines that Affect Vision May Increase Risk of Irregular Heartbeat
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who experience migraine with visual aura may have an increased risk of an irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation, according to a study published in the November 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

8-Nov-2018 12:05 PM EST
Possible Treatment for Rare Polio-like Illness Shows No Benefit
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Researchers have been searching for possible treatments for the polio-like illness causing paralysis in children, called acute flaccid myelitis. But a new study shows no signal of efficacy for one potential treatment, the antidepressant fluoxetine. The study is published in the November 9, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

29-Oct-2018 4:50 PM EDT
Good News! Study Says Life Span Normal When Parkinson’s Does Not Affect Thinking
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

In the past, researchers believed that Parkinson’s disease did not affect life expectancy. But recent studies showed a somewhat shorter life span. Now a new study suggests that when the disease does not affect thinking skills early on, life span is not affected. The study is published in the October 31, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

19-Oct-2018 10:05 PM EDT
Stressed Out? Study Suggests It May Affect Memory, Brain Size in Middle Age
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Middle-aged people with high levels of a hormone called cortisol in their blood have impaired memory when compared to those with average levels of the hormone, even before symptoms of memory loss started to show, according to a study published in the October 24, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. People with high levels of the hormone also had lower brain volume than those with regular cortisol levels.

13-Oct-2018 2:05 PM EDT
Simple Test May Help Predict Long-Term Outcome After Stroke
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A simple test taken within a week of a stroke may help predict how well people will have recovered up to three years later, according to a study published in the October 17, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

4-Oct-2018 3:05 PM EDT
Have an Irregular Heartbeat? You May Have an Increased Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with a particular kind of irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation may experience a faster decline in thinking and memory skills and have a greater risk of dementia than those without atrial fibrillation, according to a study published in the October 10, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

1-Oct-2018 7:05 AM EDT
Sleeping Too Much or Too Little May Affect Stroke Risk Differently Based on Race
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

How many hours people sleep at night may affect their risk of stroke differently based on race, according to a study published in the October 3, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 27-Sep-2018 1:05 AM EDT
New Screening Tool Can Improve the Quality of Life for Epilepsy Patients with Sleep Apnea
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers publish electronic health record assessment that can identify epilepsy patients at risk for obstructive sleep apnea

Released: 26-Sep-2018 4:55 PM EDT
Researchers Evaluate Controversial Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis
UC San Diego Health

In the wake of media and public reports about increased mortality linked to a new drug for treating Parkinson’s disease psychosis, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine conducted a retrospective study of qualifying patients in the UC San Diego Health system concluding that the new drug, pimavanserin (marketed as Nuplazid), did not pose a statistically significant greater risk of death.

24-Sep-2018 9:00 AM EDT
Childhood Poverty May Have Lasting Effects on Cognitive Skills in Old Age
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Children who grow up in poverty or who are otherwise socially and economically disadvantaged may be more likely in old age to score lower than others on tests of cognitive skills, according to a study published in the September 26, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

   
16-Sep-2018 5:05 PM EDT
People Who Walk Just 35 Minutes a Day May Have Less Severe Strokes
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who participate in light to moderate physical activity, such as walking at least four hours a week or swimming two to three hours a week, may have less severe strokes than people who are physically inactive, according to a study published in the September 19, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

7-Sep-2018 4:00 PM EDT
Contrary to Popular Belief, ALS Does Affect the Mind
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

It’s known as the disease that attacks the body but leaves the mind unaffected. But a new study shows that amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also called ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease, does affect the mind, especially later in the disease. The study is published in the September 12, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

4-Sep-2018 3:10 PM EDT
Nerve Pain in the Legs? Medical Marijuana May Alter Brain Connections, Bring Relief
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

When medical marijuana is taken for chronic nerve pain, it may provide pain relief by reducing connections between the areas of the brain that process emotions and sensory signals, according to a study published in the September 5, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

24-Aug-2018 3:05 PM EDT
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Drug May Be Effective If Started Later Than Previously Shown
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A drug shown to be effective in the treatment of babies with the rare muscle-wasting disease spinal muscular atrophy may be effective for muscle control even when treatment is started in children seven months and older, according to a study published in the August 29, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Previous studies focused on children younger than seven months old.

17-Aug-2018 4:40 PM EDT
Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation May Help Treat Symptoms of Rare Movement Disorders
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Electrical stimulation of the brain and spinal cord may help treat the symptoms of rare movement disorders called neurodegenerative ataxias, according to a study published in the August 22, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

26-Jul-2018 3:55 PM EDT
Pregnant with Epilepsy? Folic Acid May Prevent Language Delays for Baby
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Women who take epilepsy drugs while they are pregnant may have a lower risk of having a child with delays in language skills if they take folic acid supplements before and early in pregnancy, according to a study published in the August 1, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

19-Jul-2018 4:35 PM EDT
Feel Lightheaded When Standing Up? You May Have a Greater Risk of Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who feel faint, dizzy or lightheaded when standing up may be experiencing a sudden drop in blood pressure called orthostatic hypotension. Now a new study says middle-aged people who experience such a drop may have a greater risk of developing dementia or stroke decades later. The study is published in the July 25, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

13-Jul-2018 3:55 PM EDT
Pregnancy History May Be Tied to Alzheimer’s Disease
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A woman’s history of pregnancy may affect her risk of Alzheimer’s disease decades later, according to a study published in the July 18, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

6-Jul-2018 4:30 PM EDT
Higher Blood Pressure May Be Linked to Brain Disease, Alzheimer’s
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Older people who have higher blood pressure may have more signs of brain disease, specifically brain lesions, according to a study published in the July 11, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Researchers also found a link between higher blood pressure and more markers of Alzheimer’s disease, tangles in the brain.

29-Jun-2018 8:05 AM EDT
Exposure to Paint, Varnish, Other Solvents Linked to Increased Risk of MS
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have been exposed to paint, varnish and other solvents and who also carry genes that make them more susceptible to developing multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at much greater risk of developing the disease than people who have only the exposure to solvents or the MS genes, according to a study published in the July 3, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

28-Jun-2018 11:05 AM EDT
DBS Treatment May Slow the Progression of Parkinson’s Tremor in Early-Stage Patients
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may slow the progression of tremor for early-stage Parkinson’s disease patients, according to a Vanderbilt University Medical Center study released in the June 29 online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

22-Jun-2018 4:05 PM EDT
Study: Men with Migraine May Have Higher Estrogen Levels
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

While it has been known that estrogen plays a role in migraine for women, new research shows that the female sex hormone may also play a role in migraine for men, according to a small study published in the June 27, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

8-Jun-2018 3:05 PM EDT
Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Parkinson’s Disease?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with type 2 diabetes may have an increased risk of having a diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease later in life, according to a large study published in the June 13, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. In addition, the risk may be higher for younger people and those with complications from the disease.

1-Jun-2018 11:05 AM EDT
Black, Hispanic People May Be More Likely to Have a Second Hemorrhagic Stroke than Whites
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Black and Hispanic people may be more likely to have another intracerebral hemorrhage, or a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain, than white people, according to a study published in the June 6, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

24-May-2018 3:10 PM EDT
How Much Exercise Is Needed to Help Improve Thinking Skills?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

We know that exercise may help improve thinking skills. But how much exercise? And for how long? To find the answers, researchers reviewed all of the studies where older adults were asked to exercise for at least four weeks and their tests of thinking and memory skills were compared to those of people who did not start a new exercise routine. The review is published in the May 30, 2018, online issue of Neurology® Clinical Practice, an official journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

21-May-2018 8:00 AM EDT
New Type of Vertigo Identified
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Neurologists have identified a new type of vertigo with no known cause, according to a study published in the May 23, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Released: 21-May-2018 10:05 AM EDT
Immune Cells Hold Promise in Slowing Down ALS
Houston Methodist

Recent research from Houston Methodist Hospital showed that a new immunotherapy was safe for patients with ALS and also revealed surprising results that could bring hope to patients who have this relentlessly progressive and fatal disease.

10-May-2018 4:15 PM EDT
For Older Adults, a Better Diet May Prevent Brain Shrinkage
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who eat a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, nuts and fish may have bigger brains, according to a study published in the May 16, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

8-May-2018 9:15 AM EDT
Depression Linked to Memory Problems and Brain Aging
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Depression in older adults may be linked to memory problems, according to a study published in the May 9, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study also showed that older people with greater symptoms of depression may have structural differences in the brain compared to people without symptoms.

27-Apr-2018 12:05 PM EDT
More Than Relaxation? Saunas May Be Linked to Lower Stroke Risk
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking frequent saunas may be linked to a lower risk of stroke, according to a study published in the May 2, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study was conducted in Finland, where saunas originated and nearly every home has one.

23-Apr-2018 2:05 PM EDT
Brain Structure Linked to Symptoms of Restless Legs Syndrome
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with restless legs syndrome may have changes in a portion of the brain that processes sensory information, according to a study published in the April 25, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

23-Apr-2018 3:05 AM EDT
New Guideline: Start Taking MS Drugs Early On
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

For most people, it’s better to start taking drugs for multiple sclerosis (MS) early on rather than letting the disease run its course, according to a new guideline for treating MS from the American Academy of Neurology. The guideline is published in the April 23, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology, and presented at the 70th AAN Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, April 21 to April 27, 2018. The guideline is endorsed by the Multiple Sclerosis Association of America and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

15-Apr-2018 10:05 PM EDT
A Single Concussion May Increase Risk of Parkinson’s Disease
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People who have been diagnosed with a mild concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, may have a 56 percent increased risk of developing Parkinson’s disease, according to a study published in the April 18, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

9-Apr-2018 3:05 PM EDT
Does Age at Menopause Affect Memory?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Entering menopause at a later age may be associated with a small benefit to your memory years later, according to a study published in the April 11, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

28-Mar-2018 5:05 PM EDT
Epilepsy in Young Children Should Be Treated as Urgently as Cancer
Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago

Survival of childhood cancers dramatically improved through national cooperative group research and care protocols; specialists call for the same model to improve outcomes of early life epilepsies.

30-Mar-2018 3:50 PM EDT
Are People with Parkinson’s Disease Depressed or Demoralized?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People with Parkinson’s disease who show signs of depression may actually have a condition called demoralization, according to a study published in the April 4, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. That study found demoralization may be common in Parkinson’s disease.

23-Mar-2018 5:05 PM EDT
Stroke Affects More than Just the Physical
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

A new study looks at what problems affect people most after a stroke and it provides a broader picture than what some may usually expect to see. Stroke affects more than just physical functioning, according to a study is published the March 28, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

15-Mar-2018 3:55 PM EDT
Does Menopausal Hormone Therapy Maintain the Brain?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Taking menopausal hormone therapy soon after menopause to relieve symptoms may also benefit the brain, according to a study published in the March 21, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

12-Mar-2018 11:25 AM EDT
Physically Fit Women Nearly 90 Percent Less Likely to Develop Dementia
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Women with high physical fitness at middle age were nearly 90 percent less likely to develop dementia decades later, compared to women who were moderately fit, according to a study published the March 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The study measured the women’s cardiovascular fitness based on an exercise test.

22-Feb-2018 4:40 PM EST
Can Our Eyes Help Predict Who Will Develop Memory Loss?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

People whose eyes show signs of small changes in blood vessels at age 60 may be more likely to develop thinking and memory problems by the time they are 80 than people with healthy eyes, according to a study published in the February 28, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

16-Feb-2018 1:05 PM EST
Simple Walking Test May Help Make Difficult Diagnosis
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

There’s a cause of dementia that can sometimes be reversed, but it’s often not diagnosed because the symptoms are so similar to those of other disorders. Now researchers say a simple walking test may be able to accurately diagnose the disease, according to a study published the February 21, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

9-Feb-2018 3:00 PM EST
Can Learning Stress-Reducing Techniques Help Reduce Seizures?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Learning techniques to help manage stress may help people with epilepsy reduce how often they have seizures, according to a study published in the February 14, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

2-Feb-2018 3:05 PM EST
What Happens When Women Stop MS Treatment During Pregnancy?
American Academy of Neurology (AAN)

Two new studies look at the effects of stopping the newer, stronger drug natalizumab for multiple sclerosis (MS) during pregnancy. Natalizumab is generally prescribed for people with MS who have not responded to or cannot tolerate other treatments for MS as it can have a rare but potentially fatal side effect.



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