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This news release is embargoed until 30-Apr-2024 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Apr-2024 6:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: Researchers reveal how protein modifications power T cells
Released: 29-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Researchers reveal how protein modifications power T cells
La Jolla Institute for Immunology

This method is a major leap forward for scientists investigating how proteins do their jobs in the immune system. “This method basically creates an entire new kind of world of experiments that people can do..."

access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
This news release is embargoed until 1-May-2024 11:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 29-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 1-May-2024 11:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: How can forests be reforested in a climate-friendly way?
26-Apr-2024 1:00 AM EDT
How can forests be reforested in a climate-friendly way?
University of Vienna

Europe's forests have already been severely affected by climate change. Thousands of hectares of trees have already died due to drought and bark beetles. Scientists from the University of Vienna and the Technical University of Munich have now investigated which trees can be used for reforestation.

Newswise: Probing the effects of interplanetary space on asteroid Ryugu
25-Apr-2024 8:05 PM EDT
Probing the effects of interplanetary space on asteroid Ryugu
Hokkaido University

Samples reveal evidence of changes experienced by the surface of asteroid Ryugu, some probably due to micrometeoroid bombardment.

Newswise: After 25 Years, Researchers Uncover Genetic Cause of Rare Neurological Disease
25-Apr-2024 5:00 AM EDT
After 25 Years, Researchers Uncover Genetic Cause of Rare Neurological Disease
University of Utah Health

Spinocerebellar ataxia 4 is a devastating progressive movement disorder. A multinational study has now conclusively identified the genetic difference that causes the disease, bringing answers to families and opening the door to future treatments.

Released: 26-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Study details a common bacterial defense against viral infection
Ohio State University

In a new study, researchers report on the molecular assembly of one of the most common anti-phage systems – from the family of proteins called Gabija – that is estimated to be used by at least 8.5%, and up to 18%, of all bacteria species on Earth.

   
Newswise: Blocking gene may halt growth of breast cancer cells
Released: 25-Apr-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Blocking gene may halt growth of breast cancer cells
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Shutting down a gene called PRMT5 stopped metastatic estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer cells from growing after they acquired resistance to a standard therapy known as CDK4/6 inhibitors, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers showed in a new study.

Newswise: Ludwig Lausanne scientists identify and show how to target a key tumor defense against immune attack
Released: 24-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Ludwig Lausanne scientists identify and show how to target a key tumor defense against immune attack
Ludwig Cancer Research

A Ludwig Cancer Research study has discovered how a lipid molecule found at high levels within tumors undermines the anti-cancer immune response and compromises a recently approved immunotherapy known as adoptive cell therapy (ACT) using tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, or TIL-ACT.

Newswise: Scientists pioneer new X-ray microscopy method for data analysis  ​“ on the fly”
Released: 24-Apr-2024 9:35 AM EDT
Scientists pioneer new X-ray microscopy method for data analysis ​“ on the fly”
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists have developed a new method for enhancing X-ray microscopy experiments by allowing researchers to adjust experiments based on data that is being collected on the fly, potentially paving the way for more autonomous discovery.

Newswise: Giant Viruses Infect Deadly Parasite
Released: 24-Apr-2024 5:00 AM EDT
Giant Viruses Infect Deadly Parasite
University of Vienna

The single-celled organism Naegleria fowleri ranks among the deadliest human parasites. Researchers around Matthias Horn and Patrick Arthofer from the Center for Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science at the University of Vienna, in an international collaboration, have discovered viruses that infect this harmful microbe. Named Naegleriavirus, these belong to the giant viruses, a group known for their unusually large particles and complex genomes.

Newswise: 1920_ct-scan-ai-heart-cedars-sinai.jpg?10000
Released: 23-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Artificial Intelligence Can Evaluate Cardiovascular Risk During CT Scan
Cedars-Sinai

A recent study designed and implemented by investigators at Cedars-Sinai found that artificial intelligence (AI) can accurately evaluate cardiovascular risk during a routine chest computed tomography (CT) scan without contrast.

Released: 23-Apr-2024 12:00 AM EDT
Beyond Higher Temperatures: Preparing for National Security Risks Posed by Climate Change
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Climate scientists and national security experts at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are working together to explore the security consequences of the changing climate.

Released: 19-Apr-2024 5:05 PM EDT
Jumbo Discovery: Astronomers Offer New Model for Formation of Recently Discovered “Free-Floating” Planets
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV)

Study in Nature Astronomy theorizes that dense stellar clusters may eject pairs of giant planets, which remain gravitationally bound to one another as they float through space.

Newswise: Signs of Multiple Sclerosis Show Up in Blood Years Before Symptoms
Released: 19-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Signs of Multiple Sclerosis Show Up in Blood Years Before Symptoms
University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)

In a discovery that could hasten treatment for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), UC San Francisco scientists have discovered a harbinger in the blood of some people who later went on to develop the disease. 

Newswise: Study opens new avenue for immunotherapy drug development
17-Apr-2024 4:05 PM EDT
Study opens new avenue for immunotherapy drug development
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

In a new study published today in Nature Biomedical Engineering, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have designed a new method for developing immunotherapy drugs using engineered peptides to elicit a natural immune response inside the body.

17-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Could the liver hold the key to better cancer treatments?
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Liver inflammation, a common side-effect of cancers elsewhere in the body, has long been associated with worse cancer outcomes and more recently associated with poor response to immunotherapy. Now, a team led by researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center and Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found a big reason why.

Newswise: AI tool predicts responses to cancer therapy using information from each cell of the tumor
Released: 18-Apr-2024 2:05 PM EDT
AI tool predicts responses to cancer therapy using information from each cell of the tumor
Sanford Burnham Prebys

With more than 200 types of cancer and every cancer individually unique, ongoing efforts to develop precision oncology treatments remain daunting. In a new study published in the journal Nature Cancer, first author Sanju Sinha, Ph.D., at Sanford Burnham Prebys, with senior authors Eytan Ruppin, M.D., Ph.D., and Alejandro Schaffer, Ph.D., at the National Cancer Institute—and colleagues—describe a first-of-its-kind computational pipeline to systematically predict patient response to cancer drugs at single-cell resolution.

Newswise: Machine learning algorithm reveals long-theorized glass phase in crystal
Released: 18-Apr-2024 10:45 AM EDT
Machine learning algorithm reveals long-theorized glass phase in crystal
Argonne National Laboratory

Scientists have found experimental evidence of the long-theorized Bragg glass phase present in a material. Bragg glasses display both the ordered properties of crystals and the disordered nature of glasses at the same time.

Newswise: Marine plankton behaviour could predict future marine extinctions, study finds
15-Apr-2024 5:05 AM EDT
Marine plankton behaviour could predict future marine extinctions, study finds
University of Bristol

Marine communities migrated to Antarctica during the Earth’s warmest period in 66 million years long before a mass-extinction event.

Newswise: Electronic Health Records Unlock Genetics of Tobacco Use Disorder
Released: 17-Apr-2024 9:00 AM EDT
Electronic Health Records Unlock Genetics of Tobacco Use Disorder
University of California San Diego

By utilizing the power of electronic medical records, researchers from UC San Diego are uncovering the genetics of tobacco use, which would help scientists discover new ways to stop occasional tobacco use from evolving into tobacco use disorder.

Newswise: Cell Biology: Molecular Code Stimulates Pioneer Cells to Build Blood Vessels in the Body
Released: 17-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Cell Biology: Molecular Code Stimulates Pioneer Cells to Build Blood Vessels in the Body
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)

Cardiovascular diseases, including stroke and myocardial infarction, are the world's leading causes of mortality, accounting for over 18 million deaths a year. A team of KIT researchers has now identified a new cell type in blood vessels responsible for vascular growth.

   
Newswise: How soil microbes survive in harsh desert environments
16-Apr-2024 5:00 AM EDT
How soil microbes survive in harsh desert environments
University of Vienna

Prolonged droughts followed by sudden bursts of rainfall – how do desert soil bacteria manage to survive such harsh conditions? This long-debated question has now been answered by an ERC project led by microbiologist Dagmar Woebken from the Centre for Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science (CeMESS) at the University of Vienna.

Newswise: Researchers observe at the atomic level the neuronal 'gate' for essential molecules in learning and memory
Released: 17-Apr-2024 4:05 AM EDT
Researchers observe at the atomic level the neuronal 'gate' for essential molecules in learning and memory
Fundació Institut de Recerca Biomèdica (IRB BARCELONA)

The protein Asc-1 serves as the gateway (either for entry or exit) for fundamental amino acids involved in cognitive processes. A new study now unveils its structure and mechanism of action.

Newswise: Following Cellular Lineage
Released: 16-Apr-2024 5:05 PM EDT
Following Cellular Lineage
University of California San Diego

A group of researchers based at UC San Diego and Rady Children's Institute have advanced the understanding of how the cerebral cortex develops by tracing the lineage of certain brain cells.

Newswise: Scientists identify cell vulnerability ‘fingerprint’ related to Parkinson’s, Lewy body dementia
Released: 16-Apr-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Scientists identify cell vulnerability ‘fingerprint’ related to Parkinson’s, Lewy body dementia
Van Andel Institute

A new study offers a first look into the complex molecular changes that occur in brain cells with Lewy bodies, which are key pathological hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease and some dementias.

Newswise: Study Suggests Adolescent Stress May Raise Risk of Postpartum Depression in Adults
Released: 16-Apr-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Study Suggests Adolescent Stress May Raise Risk of Postpartum Depression in Adults
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In a new study, a Johns Hopkins Medicine-led research team reports that social stress during adolescence in female mice later results in prolonged elevation of the hormone cortisol after they give birth.

Newswise: Unlocking the ‘chain of worms’
Released: 15-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the ‘chain of worms’
Washington University in St. Louis

Biologist B. Duygu Özpolat at Washington University in St. Louis and colleagues published a single-cell atlas for a highly regenerative annelid worm. This research may help inform stem cell technologies and regenerative medicine down the line.

Newswise: Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
11-Apr-2024 5:00 AM EDT
Stellar winds of three sun-like stars detected for the first time
University of Vienna

An international research team led by a researcher from the University of Vienna has for the first time directly detected stellar winds from three Sun-like stars by recording the X-ray emission from their astrospheres, and placed constraints on the mass loss rate of the stars via their stellar winds. The study is currently published in Nature Astronomy.

Newswise: Researchers Now Know Precisely How We Perceive Bitter Taste
Released: 11-Apr-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Researchers Now Know Precisely How We Perceive Bitter Taste
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

A new study led by researchers at the UNC School of Medicine unravels the structure of TAS2R14, a taste receptor that allows us to taste bitter substances. In addition to solving the protein structure, the findings could help scientists develop drugs that targeting taste receptors.

Newswise: This Outdated Diabetes Drug Still Has Something to Offer
Released: 11-Apr-2024 9:10 AM EDT
This Outdated Diabetes Drug Still Has Something to Offer
University of California San Diego

Researchers from UC San Diego have discovered the biochemical workings of an old-fashioned diabetes drug, and it's helping them develop new, safer alternatives.

Released: 11-Apr-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Study confirms how RNA chemical modifications benefit HIV-1
Ohio State University

A chemical modification in the HIV-1 RNA genome whose function has been a matter of scientific debate is now confirmed to be key to the virus’s ability to survive and thrive after infecting host cells, a new study has found.

Newswise: Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
8-Apr-2024 10:00 AM EDT
Ocean currents threaten to collapse Antarctic ice shelves
Hokkaido University

Meandering ocean currents play an important role in the melting of Antarctic ice shelves, threatening a significant rise in sea levels.

Released: 10-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
New 3D-printing method makes printing objects more affordable and eco-friendly
University of Florida

A team of scientists led by UF engineering researchers has unveiled a method for 3D printing that allows manufacturers to create custom-made objects more economically and sustainably.

Newswise: During Droughts, Soil Microbes Produce Volatile Carbon Metabolites
Released: 10-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
During Droughts, Soil Microbes Produce Volatile Carbon Metabolites
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Soil microbes use volatile organic compounds (VOCs) as a food source but can also release VOCs as gases that enter the atmosphere.

Newswise: Female zebra finches seek mate who sings one song just right
Released: 10-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Female zebra finches seek mate who sings one song just right
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Humans aren’t the only living beings who find a singing voice attractive in the opposite sex – songbirds do too. For about a third of the approximately 4,000 songbird species that sing only one song, the features that make these tunes alluring to a potential mate have been a long-standing mystery.

Newswise: New Study Confirms FSC-Certified Forests Help Wildlife Thrive in the Congo Basin
Released: 10-Apr-2024 11:30 AM EDT
New Study Confirms FSC-Certified Forests Help Wildlife Thrive in the Congo Basin
Wildlife Conservation Society

A new study reveals compelling evidence that forests certified by the Forest Stewardship Council®(FSC®) in Gabon and the Republic of Congo harbour a higher abundance of larger mammals and critically endangered species, such as gorillas and elephants, compared to non-FSC certified forests.

Newswise: New drug prevents flu-related inflammation and lung damage
Released: 10-Apr-2024 11:05 AM EDT
New drug prevents flu-related inflammation and lung damage
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Findings show a newly created drug can prevent runaway inflammation while still allowing the immune system to handle the virus, even when given late into infection.

8-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
CHOP, Stanford Researchers Identify Protein That Controls CAR T Cell Longevity
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

CAR T cell therapy has revolutionized the way certain types of cancer are treated, and the longer those CAR T cells live in a patient’s body, the more effectively they respond to cancer. Now, researchers have found that a protein called FOXO1 improves the survival and function of CAR T cells, which may lead to more effective CAR T cell therapies and could potentially expand its use in difficult-to-treat cancers.

8-Apr-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Serious flu damage prevented by compound that blocks unnecessary cell death
Tufts University

In a study in mice published in Nature, a research team showed that a newly developed compound was able to block necroptosis, a type of cell death that leads to lung inflammation and damage following infection with the flu virus.

Newswise: Wistar Scientists Identify Pro-aging ‘Sugar Signature’ in the Blood of People Living with HIV
Released: 10-Apr-2024 9:30 AM EDT
Wistar Scientists Identify Pro-aging ‘Sugar Signature’ in the Blood of People Living with HIV
Wistar Institute

Wistar's Dr. Abdel-Mohsen has identified sugar abnormalities in the blood that may promote biological aging and inflammation in people living with HIV.

Newswise: Study shedding new light on Earth’s global carbon cycle could help assess liveability of other planets
8-Apr-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Study shedding new light on Earth’s global carbon cycle could help assess liveability of other planets
University of Bristol

Research has uncovered important new insights into the evolution of oxygen, carbon, and other vital elements over the entire history of Earth – and it could help assess which other planets can develop life, ranging from plants to animals and humans.

Newswise:Video Embedded new-method-of-measuring-qubits-promises-ease-of-scalability-in-a-microscopic-package
VIDEO
8-Apr-2024 9:05 AM EDT
New method of measuring qubits promises ease of scalability in a microscopic package
Aalto University

The path to quantum supremacy is made challenging by the issues associated with scaling up the number of qubits. One key problem is the way that qubits are measured.

Newswise: New Technique Lets Scientists Create Resistance-Free Electron Channels
Released: 9-Apr-2024 11:00 AM EDT
New Technique Lets Scientists Create Resistance-Free Electron Channels
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Researchers have taken the first atomic-resolution images and demonstrated electrical control of a chiral interface state – an exotic quantum phenomenon that could help researchers advance quantum computing and energy-efficient electronics.

Released: 9-Apr-2024 5:00 AM EDT
Better battery manufacturing: Robotic lab vets new reaction design strategy
University of Michigan

New chemistries for batteries, semiconductors and more could be easier to manufacture, thanks to a new approach to making chemically complex materials that researchers at the University of Michigan and Samsung's Advanced Materials Lab have demonstrated.

8-Apr-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Remote work cuts car travel and emissions, but hurts public transit ridership
University of Florida

Remote work could cut hundreds of millions of tons of carbon emissions from car travel – but at the cost of billions lost in public transit revenues, according to a new study.

Released: 8-Apr-2024 8:05 PM EDT
A gene mutation associated with a rare neurological disorder and increased susceptibility to viral infections may be treatable with oleic acid
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Health Sciences

A mutation in a protein regulating natural killer (NK) cells’ function is at the root of immune deficiency in some people with a rare genetic condition characterized by cognitive and developmental delay, seizures, and other manifestations. The findings also have broader implications for immunity and cell therapies.

Newswise: Finding New Chemistry to Capture Double the Carbon
Released: 8-Apr-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Finding New Chemistry to Capture Double the Carbon
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

A new look at a carbon capture solvent shows clusters and new types of carbon dioxide chemistry that could double carbon conversion.



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