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Newswise: Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Release date: 18-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A recent study has unlocked the genetic secrets behind the sweetness of strawberries, a key factor in consumer preference. The research identifies key genetic markers that influence both the sugar content and yield of strawberries, offering a significant step forward in the breeding of sweeter, more productive varieties.

UNREVIEWED

Newswise: Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Release date: 18-May-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Chinese Academy of Sciences

New genomic insights from researchers unveil critical genes influencing apple fruit size and shape. Through a comprehensive genome-wide association study, the study identifies several genetic markers linked to these traits, offering potential for enhanced breeding strategies.

UNREVIEWED

Newswise: A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Biotechnological innovation meets horticulture as researchers unveil a cutting-edge genome editing protocol for grapes. This novel technique, integrating protoplast culture with CRISPR-Cas9, facilitates the regeneration of non-chimeric, transgene-free plants across a spectrum of grape varieties. This breakthrough stands to elevate agricultural practices and combat the challenges posed by climate change.

UNREVIEWED

Newswise: Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A new study has uncovered a genetic treasure trove within the melon genome that could revolutionize the plant's defense against pests and diseases. Researchers have identified a cluster of genes that bestow resistance to both powdery mildew and aphids, two of the most devastating threats to melon crops worldwide.

UNREVIEWED

Newswise: STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists have the first direct evidence that the powerful magnetic fields created in off-center collisions of atomic nuclei induce an electric current in “deconfined” nuclear matter. The study used measurements of how charged particles are deflected when they emerge from the collisions. The study provides proof that the magnetic fields exist and offers a new way to measure electrical conductivity in quark-gluon plasma.

Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Better medical record-keeping needed to fight antibiotic overuse, studies suggest
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A lack of detailed record-keeping in clinics and emergency departments may be getting in the way of reducing the inappropriate use of antibiotics, a pair of new studies suggests. About 10% of children and 35% of adults who got an antibiotic prescription during an office visit had no specific reason for it in their record.

15-May-2024 2:00 PM EDT
Gut bacteria boost immune response to fight tumors
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a strain of gut bacteria can boost immune responses and enhance cancer immunotherapy to fight sarcoma tumors in mice. Shown is a rendering of microbes in the intestine.

Newswise: kin10-hr.jpg
13-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Scientists Discover Mechanism of Sugar Signaling in Plants
Brookhaven National Laboratory

A paper in the journal Science Advances describes how the moving parts of a particular plant protein control whether plants can grow and make energy-intensive products such as oil — or instead put in place a series of steps to conserve precious resources. The study focuses specifically on how the molecular machinery is regulated by a molecule that rises and falls with the level of sugar — plants’ main energy source.

Newswise: Repeat COVID-19 vaccinations elicit antibodies that neutralize variants, other viruses
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Repeat COVID-19 vaccinations elicit antibodies that neutralize variants, other viruses
Washington University in St. Louis

A study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found that repeat vaccination with updated versions of the COVID-19 vaccine promotes the development of antibodies that neutralize a wide range of variants of the virus that causes COVID-19, as well as related coronaviruses.

Newswise: Sweet Taste Receptor Affects How Glucose is Handled Metabolically by Humans
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Sweet Taste Receptor Affects How Glucose is Handled Metabolically by Humans
Monell Chemical Senses Center

The sweet taste receptor, expressed in taste bud cells, conveys sweetness from the mouth when it is activated. Monell researchers delved into how the sweet-taste receptor might be the first stop in a metabolic surveillance system for sugar. They team found that stimulation and inhibition of the receptor demonstrates that it helps regulate glucose metabolism in humans and may have implications for managing such metabolic disorders as diabetes.

Newswise: Vivek%20Kumar%20with%20hydrogels-resize.jpg?itok=Ls_qh5Tc
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
NJIT Engineers Muffle Invading Pathogens with a 'Molecular Mask'
New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)

Vaccines remain the gold standard of protection against dangerous pathogens, but take considerable time and vast resources to develop. Rapidly mutating viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 can blunt their effectiveness and even render them obsolete.

   
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This news release is embargoed until 22-May-2024 10:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT

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Newswise: Westminster College’s Resendes Elected as 2024-2025 Council on Undergraduate Research Treasurer
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Westminster College’s Resendes Elected as 2024-2025 Council on Undergraduate Research Treasurer
Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)

Dr. Karen K. Resendes, Associate Dean of Assessment and the First Year Experience, Professor of Biology at Westminster College (New Wilmington, PA), has been elected to serve as the Council on Undergraduate Research Board of Directors’ Treasurer for the membership year 2024-2025.

   
Newswise: Gor-Khalizov-2024-9337-002%20copy.jpg?itok=3gxI2eFe
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
NJIT Research Team Discovering How Fluids Behave in Nanopores with NSF Grant
New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)

A research team from New Jersey Institute of Technology is uncovering mysteries surrounding fluids in nanoporous materials, and has been recently awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support this research.

Newswise: Modern Plant Enzyme Partners with Surprisingly Ancient Protein
Released: 17-May-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Modern Plant Enzyme Partners with Surprisingly Ancient Protein
Brookhaven National Laboratory

Scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that a protein responsible for the synthesis of a key plant material evolved much earlier than suspected. This new research explored the origin and evolution of the biochemical machinery that builds lignin, a structural component of plant cell walls with significant impacts on the clean energy industry.

15-May-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Rutgers Researchers Identify Impacts of Russia-Ukraine War on Hospitals
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Rutgers researchers, aided by international collaborators, have tracked the devastation war has made on Ukraine’s hospital system. Hundreds of hospitals in Ukraine have been forced to close or operate at a reduced capacity since Russia’s invasion of the Eastern European country in February 2022.

Newswise: Link between e-cigarette use and early age of asthma onset in U.S. adults found through UTHealth Houston research
Released: 17-May-2024 10:35 AM EDT
Link between e-cigarette use and early age of asthma onset in U.S. adults found through UTHealth Houston research
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

A significant link between the use of electronic cigarettes and earlier age of asthma onset in U.S. adults was reported by UTHealth Houston researchers today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Network Open.

Newswise:Video Embedded msu-expert-how-mental-health-and-wellness-are-connected-in-the-black-community-and-beyond
VIDEO
Released: 17-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
MSU Expert: How Mental Health and Wellness Are Connected in the Black Community — and Beyond
Michigan State University

Mental health has become a part of wellness discussions in schools, workplaces and health care organizations. In higher education, there has been a greater focus on mental health as one component of wellness that supports students in learning and persisting through to graduation.

   
Newswise: system.png?itok=oxuwP9UJ
Released: 17-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
NJIT Researcher: Neural Networks Can Mediate Between Download Size and Quality
New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)

Application data requirements vs. available network bandwidth has been the ongoing Battle of the Information Age, but now it appears that a truce is within reach, based on new research from NJIT Associate Professor Jacob Chakareski.

Newswise: IU School of Medicine researchers to present respiratory therapy advancements at ATS 2024
Released: 17-May-2024 9:05 AM EDT
IU School of Medicine researchers to present respiratory therapy advancements at ATS 2024
Indiana University

Researchers will showcase promising respiratory disease research at the American Thoracic Society (ATS) 2024 International Conference and ATS 2024 Respiratory Innovation Summit (RIS), May 17-22 in San Diego, California.

Newswise: Collaborative Partnership to Address Mental Health Gap Affecting Our Homeless Community Members
Released: 17-May-2024 9:00 AM EDT
Collaborative Partnership to Address Mental Health Gap Affecting Our Homeless Community Members
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso

Project Opportunity, generously funded by a $25,000 grant from Bank of America, is a powerful collaborative partnership that will allow Texas Tech Health El Paso physician residents from the Department of Psychiatry to provide services to community members at the Opportunity Center using remote video technology starting in June.

Newswise: Pickleball Courts in a Legal Pickle #ASA186
9-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Pickleball Courts in a Legal Pickle #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

As communities are flooded with pickleball courts to satiate the hunger for the snack-named game, HOAs and city councils face litigation by those whose lives are disrupted by pickleball’s din. The sport is uniquely noisy due to the hard paddles and balls, and the popping sound the game produces is sharp and persistent. Charles Leahy used his legal expertise and mechanical engineering experience to investigate how communities respond to the pickleball problem. Leahy will present his findings and recommendations for limiting pickleball noise at the 186th ASA Meeting.

Newswise: New imaging software improves lung diagnosis for 30% of patients who can't tolerate contrast dye; has added diagnostic benefits for all patients
Released: 17-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
New imaging software improves lung diagnosis for 30% of patients who can't tolerate contrast dye; has added diagnostic benefits for all patients
Corewell Health

For up to 30% of patients who are allergic to medical contrast dye or have a dye restriction because of other health conditions, they might find that it takes longer to get a diagnosis when it comes to life-threatening lung issues such as pulmonary embolism.

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This news release is embargoed until 22-May-2024 8:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 17-May-2024 8:00 AM EDT

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Released: 17-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Deep-sea sponge's “zero-energy” flow control could inspire new energy efficient designs, according to research co-led by NYU Tandon School of Engineering
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

The deep-sea Venus flower basket sponge can filter feed using only the faint ambient currents of the ocean depths, no pumping required, new research reveals. This discovery of natural ‘“zero energy” flow could help engineers design more efficient chemical reactors, air purification systems, heat exchangers, hydraulic systems, and aerodynamic surfaces.

Newswise: NUS researchers and industry partners demonstrate cutting-edge chip technology for ultra-low power AI connected devices
Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 AM EDT
NUS researchers and industry partners demonstrate cutting-edge chip technology for ultra-low power AI connected devices
National University of Singapore (NUS)

Researchers from NUS, together with industry partners Soitec and NXP Semiconductors, have demonstrated a new class of silicon systems that promises to enhance the energy efficiency of AI connected devices by leaps and bounds. These technological breakthroughs will significantly advance the capabilities of the semiconductor industry in Singapore and beyond.

Newswise: From the road to the cloud: leveraging vehicle GNSS raw data for spatial high-resolution atmospheric mapping and user positioning
Released: 17-May-2024 12:05 AM EDT
From the road to the cloud: leveraging vehicle GNSS raw data for spatial high-resolution atmospheric mapping and user positioning
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Innovative Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) positioning technologies harness massive vehicle-generated data to create high-resolution atmospheric delay correction maps, significantly enhancing Global Positioning System (GPS) accuracy across varied spatial scales. This new method exploits real-time, crowd-sourced vehicle GNSS raw data, refining traditional GPS applications and presenting a cost-effective solution for precise positioning.

Newswise: Ion swap dramatically improves performance of CO2-defeating catalyst
Released: 16-May-2024 3:50 PM EDT
Ion swap dramatically improves performance of CO2-defeating catalyst
Oak Ridge National Laboratory

A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory found an unconventional way to improve catalysts made of more than one material. The solution demonstrates a path to designing catalysts with greater activity, selectivity and stability.

Released: 16-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Offering Both Colonoscopy and At-Home Tests Doubled Colorectal Cancer Screening
Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

In a trial analyzing how messages were framed in an underserved population, offering colorectal cancer screening options resulted in the highest screening rate

Newswise: Mercy Grows, Enhances Mercy Personal Physicians Network with Blessing/Dedications at new Ellicott City and expanded Reisterstown sites in Spring 2024
Released: 16-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Mercy Grows, Enhances Mercy Personal Physicians Network with Blessing/Dedications at new Ellicott City and expanded Reisterstown sites in Spring 2024
Mercy Medical Center

Mercy announces opening of the new Mercy Personal Physicians at Ellicott City and expansion of the Mercy Personal Physicians at Reisterstown as Mercy's network of primary/specialty care sites continues to grow.

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This news release is embargoed until 20-May-2024 3:00 PM EDT Released to reporters: 16-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT

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access_time Embargo lifts in 2 days
This news release is embargoed until 21-May-2024 9:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 16-May-2024 3:00 PM EDT

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Newswise: Bacterial proteins shed light on antiviral immunity
Released: 16-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Bacterial proteins shed light on antiviral immunity
UT Southwestern Medical Center

A unique collaboration between two UT Southwestern Medical Center labs - one that studies bacteria and another that studies viruses - has identified two immune proteins that appear key to fighting infections.

Released: 16-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
First-generation medical students face unique challenges and need more targeted support
University of Chicago Medical Center

A study published in JAMA confirms that first-gen medical students feel that they face disproportionate adversity throughout their education and do not receive the support they need to compensate for that.

Newswise: Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
14-May-2024 3:05 PM EDT
Breaking bonds to form bonds: Rethinking the Chemistry of Cations
University of Vienna

A team of chemists from the University of Vienna, led by Nuno Maulide, has achieved a significant breakthrough in the field of chemical synthesis, developing a novel method for manipulating carbon-hydrogen bonds. This groundbreaking discovery provides new insights into the molecular interactions of positively charged carbon atoms.

Newswise: Researchers Wrestle with Accuracy of AI Technology Used to Create New Drug Candidates
12-May-2024 8:00 PM EDT
Researchers Wrestle with Accuracy of AI Technology Used to Create New Drug Candidates
University of North Carolina School of Medicine

Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine, UCSF, Stanford, and Harvard determined that a protein prediction technology can yield accurate results in the hunt to efficiently find the best possible drug candidates for many conditions.

   
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This news release is embargoed until 19-May-2024 9:00 AM EDT Released to reporters: 16-May-2024 1:30 PM EDT

A reporter's PressPass is required to access this story until the embargo expires on 19-May-2024 9:00 AM EDT The Newswise PressPass gives verified journalists access to embargoed stories. Please log in to complete a presspass application. If you have not yet registered, please Register. When you fill out the registration form, please identify yourself as a reporter in order to advance to the presspass application form.

Newswise: AI-Powered Headphones Filter Only Unwanted Noise #ASA186
9-May-2024 7:05 AM EDT
AI-Powered Headphones Filter Only Unwanted Noise #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Noise-canceling headphones automatically identify background sounds and cancel them out for much-needed peace and quiet. However, typical noise-canceling fails to distinguish between unwanted background sounds and crucial information, leaving headphone users unaware of their surroundings.

Released: 16-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Rutgers Health Researchers Profile Clinical, Gene and Protein Changes in ‘Brain Fog’ From Long COVID
Rutgers University-New Brunswick

Scientists examined cognitive impairment and recovery time in patients following COVID-19 infection.

Released: 16-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Researchers Identify New Marker for Breast Cancer Prognosis
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB)

New research in The FASEB Journal indicates that expression levels of the RPGRIP1L gene might serve as a new prognostic marker for individuals with invasive breast cancer.

Newswise: Noise Survey Highlights Need for New Direction at Canadian Airports #ASA186
8-May-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Noise Survey Highlights Need for New Direction at Canadian Airports #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

At the Toronto Pearson International Airport, airplane traffic dropped by 80% in the first few months of lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic., and in early 2020, the NVH-SQ Research Group out of the University of Windsor surveyed residents living around the airport to gauge how their annoyance levels changed with the reduction in noise.

Released: 16-May-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Ochsner Health Highlights Innovative Non-Opioid Pain Therapy Candidate Publication
Ochsner Health

A recent publication in Scientific Reports unveils a potentially groundbreaking non-opioid pain treatment developed by a team led by Dr. Hernan Bazan.

Released: 16-May-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Oncologists should re-evaluate cancer treatments near end of life
Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital

The study, which joins a growing body of research on end-of-life cancer treatment, published May 16 in JAMA Oncology.

Newswise: Impact unveiled: how China's massive water transfer shapes drinking water quality
Released: 16-May-2024 11:05 AM EDT
Impact unveiled: how China's massive water transfer shapes drinking water quality
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A new study conducted by a team of researchers from China and the UK provides crucial insights into the variation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during the South-to-North Water Diversion in China and its implications for drinking water treatment.

Newswise: Study Suggests High-Frequency Electrical ‘Noise’ Results in Congenital Night Blindness
Released: 16-May-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Study Suggests High-Frequency Electrical ‘Noise’ Results in Congenital Night Blindness
Johns Hopkins Medicine

In what they believe is a solution to a 30-year biological mystery, neuroscientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have used genetically engineered mice to address how one mutation in the gene for the light-sensing protein rhodopsin results in congenital stationary night blindness.

Newswise: Researchers working to protect West Virginia’s elk herd
Released: 16-May-2024 11:00 AM EDT
Researchers working to protect West Virginia’s elk herd
West Virginia University

Elk are making a comeback in the Mountain State, and West Virginia University researchers are studying the genetics of the population in hopes of maintaining the health of the herd.

Newswise: End-of-life systemic treatment for patients with advanced cancers does not improve survival
15-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
End-of-life systemic treatment for patients with advanced cancers does not improve survival
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Patients with very advanced solid tumors saw no significant improvement in overall survival after receiving systemic therapy, according to a study published today in JAMA Oncology by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Yale Cancer Center.

Newswise: Building a Better Sarcasm Detector #ASA186
8-May-2024 12:05 PM EDT
Building a Better Sarcasm Detector #ASA186
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)

Sarcasm is notoriously tricky to convey through text, and the subtle changes in tone that convey sarcasm often confuse computer algorithms as well, limiting virtual assistants and content analysis tools.

Newswise: Bolstering environmental data science with equity-centered approaches
Released: 16-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Bolstering environmental data science with equity-centered approaches
Chinese Academy of Sciences

In a significant stride toward justice in environmental sciences, a recent study has unveiled the urgent necessity of embedding equity throughout all phases of environmental data science and machine learning research and application.



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