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Newswise: Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Release date: 18-May-2024 8:05 AM EDT
Sweet trade-offs: unraveling the genetic puzzle of strawberry flavor and yield
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A recent study has unlocked the genetic secrets behind the sweetness of strawberries, a key factor in consumer preference. The research identifies key genetic markers that influence both the sugar content and yield of strawberries, offering a significant step forward in the breeding of sweeter, more productive varieties.

Newswise: Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Release date: 18-May-2024 7:05 AM EDT
Unlocking the genetic blueprint of apples: shape and size traits unveiled
Chinese Academy of Sciences

New genomic insights from researchers unveil critical genes influencing apple fruit size and shape. Through a comprehensive genome-wide association study, the study identifies several genetic markers linked to these traits, offering potential for enhanced breeding strategies.

Newswise: A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
A new chapter in grape cultivation: non-transgenic plant regeneration technology
Chinese Academy of Sciences

Biotechnological innovation meets horticulture as researchers unveil a cutting-edge genome editing protocol for grapes. This novel technique, integrating protoplast culture with CRISPR-Cas9, facilitates the regeneration of non-chimeric, transgene-free plants across a spectrum of grape varieties. This breakthrough stands to elevate agricultural practices and combat the challenges posed by climate change.

Newswise: Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Release date: 18-May-2024 6:05 AM EDT
Melon's molecular armor: new insights into crop protection
Chinese Academy of Sciences

A new study has uncovered a genetic treasure trove within the melon genome that could revolutionize the plant's defense against pests and diseases. Researchers have identified a cluster of genes that bestow resistance to both powdery mildew and aphids, two of the most devastating threats to melon crops worldwide.

Newswise: STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
STAR Sees a Magnetic Imprint on Deconfined Nuclear Matter
Department of Energy, Office of Science

Scientists have the first direct evidence that the powerful magnetic fields created in off-center collisions of atomic nuclei induce an electric current in “deconfined” nuclear matter. The study used measurements of how charged particles are deflected when they emerge from the collisions. The study provides proof that the magnetic fields exist and offers a new way to measure electrical conductivity in quark-gluon plasma.

Released: 17-May-2024 2:05 PM EDT
Better medical record-keeping needed to fight antibiotic overuse, studies suggest
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

A lack of detailed record-keeping in clinics and emergency departments may be getting in the way of reducing the inappropriate use of antibiotics, a pair of new studies suggests. About 10% of children and 35% of adults who got an antibiotic prescription during an office visit had no specific reason for it in their record.

15-May-2024 2:00 PM EDT
Gut bacteria boost immune response to fight tumors
Washington University in St. Louis

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that a strain of gut bacteria can boost immune responses and enhance cancer immunotherapy to fight sarcoma tumors in mice. Shown is a rendering of microbes in the intestine.

Newswise: kin10-hr.jpg
13-May-2024 10:05 AM EDT
Scientists Discover Mechanism of Sugar Signaling in Plants
Brookhaven National Laboratory

A paper in the journal Science Advances describes how the moving parts of a particular plant protein control whether plants can grow and make energy-intensive products such as oil — or instead put in place a series of steps to conserve precious resources. The study focuses specifically on how the molecular machinery is regulated by a molecule that rises and falls with the level of sugar — plants’ main energy source.

Newswise: Repeat COVID-19 vaccinations elicit antibodies that neutralize variants, other viruses
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Repeat COVID-19 vaccinations elicit antibodies that neutralize variants, other viruses
Washington University in St. Louis

A study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has found that repeat vaccination with updated versions of the COVID-19 vaccine promotes the development of antibodies that neutralize a wide range of variants of the virus that causes COVID-19, as well as related coronaviruses.

Newswise: Sweet Taste Receptor Affects How Glucose is Handled Metabolically by Humans
Released: 17-May-2024 1:05 PM EDT
Sweet Taste Receptor Affects How Glucose is Handled Metabolically by Humans
Monell Chemical Senses Center

The sweet taste receptor, expressed in taste bud cells, conveys sweetness from the mouth when it is activated. Monell researchers delved into how the sweet-taste receptor might be the first stop in a metabolic surveillance system for sugar. They team found that stimulation and inhibition of the receptor demonstrates that it helps regulate glucose metabolism in humans and may have implications for managing such metabolic disorders as diabetes.


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